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Cancer Treatment Methods

HKIOC is the first private oncology centre in Hong Kong that brings into practice the concept of comprehensive and integrated cancer therapy. Through cutting-edge cancer medicines and advanced medical technologies, we provide personalised cancer therapy services with an aim to improve the survival rates and overall quality of life of all the patients we treat.

We understand that the battle against cancer is a long journey filled with anxiety and fears, and it’s not at all easy. Treatment is the first step out of it. Taking reference to the western approach in cancer therapy, we integrate and streamline the procedure of cancer diagnosis and treatment, offering our patients a one-stop solution that covers cancer prevention, screening, diagnosis and treatment and post-recovery support. Below is an overview of different methods of cancer therapy with the basic concept behind each cancer treatment.

Personalised Cancer Therapy Strategy

Comprehensive cancer diagnosis and therapy entail close collaboration across professional teams of different specialist medical disciplines. A multi-disciplinary approach allows us to design a personalised cancer therapy that meets the needs of the patient, including the introduction of the state-of-art registered medicines such as immunotherapy and targeted therapy. With a multi-disciplinary approach to cancer treatment, we bring together different specialist doctors such as surgeons, oncologists and radiologists who conduct thorough medical consultation alongside health care professionals such as oncology nurses, registered nutritionists, pharmacists, clinical psychologists and massage therapists to build a team that provides comprehensive services to our patients, covering every aspect of cancer treatment:

  • Oncology – develop a cancer treatment plan, including chemotherapy, radiotherapy, target therapy and immunotherapy
  • Surgery – develop and execute a cancer surgery plan
  • Radiotherapy – develop a radiotherapy plan
  • Professional Medical Team – provide support and counselling to patients and their family during the treatment period

Multi-disciplinary cancer therapy brings together different clinical professionals to discuss patients’ cancer diagnoses from a diverse set of perspectives and develop a joint treatment plan that works best for the patients, potentially improving the success rates of treatment. It is also a more efficient procedure for patients, as they no longer have to visit different specialist doctors at different points of time, moving us far closer to making the concept of “Day Care Cancer Therapy” a reality.

Multidisciplinary Tumor Board Assessment LEARN MORE

Multi-disciplinary cancer therapy

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Day Care Cancer Therapy

Personalised treatment for cancer immunotherapy LEARN MORE

Personalised Cancer Therapy – genetic testing

An Overview of Methods of Cancer Therapy

In general, the most common methods in current cancer therapy include surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy and immunotherapy. Surgery tends to be the first option in the treatment of early-stage cancer, and in certain cases, is complemented with one or more treatment methods as part of a comprehensive treatment plan. Promisingly, new types of cancer therapy such as targeted therapy and immunotherapy have been identified, providing new hope to patients with advanced cancer.


Cancer Therapy


Concept: Surgically remove the tumor or affected organs

Benefits: It has a high chance of curing cancer completely, theoretically speaking.

Limitations: If the tumor is inoperable because of its size, chemotherapy or radiotherapy might be required to shrink the tumor before the surgery proceeds. They might also be needed to kill the remaining cancer cells. However, if the cancer cells have spread, surgery is not recommended.


Cancer Therapy

colored tablets

Concept: Chemotherapy medicines work throughout the patient’s body, damaging cells that grow and divide quickly.

Benefits: It kills cancer cells.

Limitations: Chemotherapy cannot differentiate between cancer and normal cells, so it will also damage normal cells that grow quickly which leads to quite a few side effects.

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Radiotherapy (Radiation Therapy)

Cancer Therapy


Concept: Use high-energy particles or waves such as x-rays to destroy or damage the DNA of cancer cells. This can be done in two ways, internally or externally. Critical body parts that are affected by cancerous cells are usually treated with radiotherapy externally. In recent years, radiotherapy technologies have made great advances and improved the effectiveness, as seen in the invention of CyberKnife, IGRT, Tomotherapy and Proton Therapy.

Benefits: Radiotherapy is a local treatment which reduces the damages on normal cells, as radiation does not remain in the body, and the patient does not become radioactive.

Limitations: There is some extent of damage caused to parts of normal cells surrounding the targeted area.

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Targeted Threapy

Cancer Therapy


Concept: A form of drug treatment that began at the end of the 90s. This kind of treatment may be restricted to patients whose cancer has a specific gene mutation that codes for the target, as it works by interfering with specific molecules that are involved in the growth, progression and spread of cancer.

Benefits: It targets cancer cells that abnormally grow, enlarge or spread, with fewer side effects and a reduced impact on the functions of bone marrow and the immune system.

Limitations: It requires tumor DNA testing which takes time, and only about 20% of patients are eligible for targeted therapy.

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Cancer Therapy


Concept: Boost the body’s immune system and T-cells as a way to help the immune system work better at destroying cancer cells.

Benefits: It comes with fewer side effects and brings a new hope to patients with advanced cancer which were previously thought to be incurable.

Limitations: Theoretically speaking, immunotherapy works for every kind of cancer, but so far it varies in effectiveness across different kinds of cancer. As more efforts are to be poured into the studies of cancer immunotherapy, more diverse applications shall be expected in the near future

Understand More On Personalised Cancer Treatment

Hormone Therapy

Cancer Therapy


Concept: A drug treatment that slows or stops the growth of cancer that uses hormones to grow.

Benefits: It is most often used to treat breast and prostate cancer, with mild side effects.

Limitations: It is a long-term treatment program in the form of drugs or injections.

Understand More About The Treatment Of Breast Cancer,Prostate Cancer

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