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Scalp Cooling

Alleviating the problem of hair loss due to chemotherapy

Are there ways to prevent hair loss caused by chemotherapy?

We want to address cancer patients’ psychological needs at every stage of recovery, from their emotional response upon diagnosis, side-effects during treatment to fear of recurrence after recovery.

According to studies, hair loss is the most feared side-effect of chemotherapy among female cancer patients, who may as a result suffer from symptoms of depression and psychological pressure that affect their quality of life.

In fact, cryotherapy can help to prevent hair loss from chemotherapy. For instance, PAXMAN’s scalp cooling system, approved by the USA Food and Drug Association (FDA) and certified by the European Union (CE) , is now treating over 100,000 cancer patients in 32 countries.

References:

1. The Changeable Nature of Patients’ Fears Regarding Chemotherapy – Journal of Pain and Symptom Management – February 2001

scalp cooling machine

How does PAXMAN’s scalp cooling system work?

PAXMAN’s scalp cooling system chills the hair follicles at about 18°C, so as to constrict blood vessels to reduce blood circulation in the scalp by 60 to 80 per cent. This can restrict the amount of chemo drug reaching the hair follicles so as to alleviate the problem of hair loss.

Effects of cryotherapy depend on many factors, from the type and stage of cancer, the age of patients, hair type and structure as well as personal health. The degree of severity of hair loss vary from person to person. Some patients may have little hair loss while some can preserve their hair during chemotherapy treatment.

What are things that we should pay attention to during cryotherapy?

1. Patients will wear the cooling cap 30 minutes prior to chemotherapy. This is to kick-start the cooling system and to ensure the scalp skin temperature has dropped to the required standard.
2. People react differently to cryotherapy. Based on past experience, the first 10 to 15 minutes of scalp cooling will bring about temporary pain or unpleasant feelings. Once patients get used to the cooling process, the pain will fade away naturally.
3. Deep breathing during the initial stage of scalp cooling can help patients to relax as well as to regulate stress and emotions.
4. Patients must continue to wear the cooling cap during treatment until 90 minutes after chemotherapy.
5. The cooling cap will be removed upon completion of cryotherapy.
6. It is normal for patients’ hair to be covered by a thin layer of frost after cryotherapy.

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